by University College Dublin, Department of Economics, Centre for Economic Research in Dublin .
Written in English
|Statement||by Joe Durkan.|
|Series||Working papers series (University College Dublin. Centre for Economic Research) -- WP95/14, Working paper series (University College Dublin. Centre for Economic Research) -- WP95/14.|
|Contributions||University College Dublin. Centre for Economic Research.|
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||16|
Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has been affected by very frequent and severe droughts in the form of extreme rainfall variability and almost a secularly declining precipitation in the sizeable arid and semi-arid zones of the sub-continent. 2 It is estimated that as much as 60 per cent of SSA is vulnerable to drought and about 30 per cent is considered to be highly vulnerable (Clay, ).Cited by: 1. The drought will affect the structural adjustment programme (SAP) unveiled by the new government which has embraced the market economy. The country has imported, and will continue to import, large quantities of maize and other foodstuffs, a situation likely to strain the balance of by: 2. This paper examines the Economic Structural Adjustment Programme (ESAP) of Zimbabwe and considers the effect of drought on the realisation of targets set in the ESAP. The paper concludes that (i) the ESAP was introduced before the debt problem was serious, (ii) the structural repairs were necessary, (iii) the ESAP contained many elements designed to counter the oft-quoted adverse effects . STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT AND DROUGHT mid s to approximately 20% after for the nation as a whole, with slightly higher rates in urban areas (Minot, , p. 17). Rising unemployment during the period was triggered partly by drought- related reductions in domestic demand and produc- tion which in turn slowed formal sector job creation.
This paper considers the effects which ESAP and the drought had on the poor in Zimbabwe during the initial years of the structural adjustment process from – Relevant background information on structural adjustment and drought in Zimbabwe are presented. The effects which ESAP and drought had on three areas critical to the currently poor: 1. Discover librarian-selected research resources on Drought from the Questia online library, including full-text online books, academic journals, magazines, newspapers and more. Home» Browse» Science and Technology» Environmental and Earth Sciences» Drought. Drought. The focus of this work is to measure the effects of Structural Adjustment Programs (SAPs) of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) on poverty and income distribution. This study tries to estimate the impacts of SAPs on a variety of poverty indicators controlling for nonrandom selection. We make use of the matching method to test for. The negative effects of the economic reform programmes combined with drought have severely eroded industries in several countries. Zambia’s stringent power rationing measures resulting from the drought are threatening to wipe out the gains made in the economy and .
Drought can cause nutrient deficiencies, even in fertilised soils, due the reduced mobility and absorbance of individual nutrients, leading to a lower rate of mineral diffusion from the soil matrix to the roots. Thus, drought is doubtlessly the most important stress factor limiting plant life. systems. Resulting from this approach, drought actually disappears as a specific natural phenomenon. Therefore, in many other definitions of the term drought, researchers seek to precisely define the effect of water shortage on a water use system. The second approach defines drought as an atmospheric phenomenon as well as soil. prevent the drought or ﬂood event from evolving into a food crisis. Conversely, contemporary food crises or famines can be attributed to failures of public action (or to successful public action, in cases where the food crisis is a product of malevolent intent). The ﬁrst part of this article sets out the “food crises. Emphasis is given to the spatial variability over a region and the effects of drought over the water consumption and use sectors, such as domestic, agricultural, industrial, etc activities.